ONDO STATE JOINT EXAM ANS
INSTRUCTION: Answer Five (5) Question in All, Two (2) Question in Section A & Three (3) From Section B.
Government as an institution of the state maybe defined as a machinery established by the state to organise the state, manage its affair and administer its functions and duties. it is also seen as a machinery through which the will of the state is formulated and expressed.
Government as an institution in the state has three (3) structures and the functions of each of them are stipulated accordingly in the constitution. They are as follow;
(i) The executive is concerned with policy formulation and implementation.
(ii) The legislature is equally involved in Law-making.
(iii) The Judiciary concentrate mainly in the interpretation of the Law.
An Independent Judiciary is one which is free from the interference of the other two arms of Government, the Executive and Legislature. Judges should be free when interpreting the Law of the Land, they should work without fear or Favour. unless the judiciary is independent, it will not be able to pass judgement impartially.
(i) Appointment:- Judges and magistrates should not be appointed by the Executive or the Legislature. they should be appointed by a neutral body such as the Judicial service commission.
(ii) Independence of the Judiciary:- Judges must be independent from the absolute control of either the Executive or the Legislature.
(iii) Promotion of Judges:- Promotion of Judges should also be done by an independent body.
(iv) Remuneration:- The salaries and allowances of judges should not be subject to frequent alterations and must be sufficient.
(v) Immunity :- Judges must be immune from the Law so as to discharge their duties without fear or Favour.
(i) Law and Order:- They were involved in the maintenance of Law and order in their domain.
(ii) Law Making:- They made Laws, Rules and Regulations
(iii) Appointments:- They appointed subordinate chiefs to help in the administration.
(iv) Budget: The traditional rulers were involved in raising and spending of money.
(v) Symbol of Unity:- > They served as political symbol of unity and power.
(vi) Communal Wealth:- The traditional rulers were also involved in the allocation and sharing of communal wealth and resources, including war booties.
(vii) Protection of his domain:- This is done to safeguard the domain against external aggression.
(viii) Administration of Justice:- Some of this traditional rulers acted as the final court of appeal.
(ix) Planning and development:- Traditional rulers planned for the progress and development of various communities.
(x) Award of state honours:- They awarded traditional titles to deserving citizens.
Local Government can be defined as the Sub-division of a state which is head by a Chairman in order to bring government nearer to the people at the grassroots level (Rural) with a view to bring the unnecessary gap-normally created by a centralized system of administration and allows them to participate in the running government affairs.
(i) The National Assembly
(ii) House of Assembly of a state
(iv) Collection of Rates
(v) Commercial Ventures
(vi) Payment of Fines
Explain Any Three (3).
(A) Flexible Constitution:- This is type of Constitution that is easy to amend. if the method of amending the constitution is the same as that of the passing of ordinary Law, the constitution is said to be
(B) Rigid Constitution:- This is the type of Constitution that is very difficult to amend or change. it requires special process or a complicated method before it can be amended or changed.
(C) Unitary Constitution:- In unitary constitution, all political powers are concentrated in the hands of a single central authority or government.
(D) Federal Constitution:- This is a type of constitution which divides and apportions political powers to the different tiers of government in a particular country. i.e the central State or Local government.
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