INSTRUCTION: Answer four (4) Questions in All,Answer at least one (1) Question from each Section.(A,B & C)
UDHR Stands for Universal Declarations of Human
Rights, This is a declaration adopted by the United
Nations General Assembly in 1948.
The declaration is the first part of the international
Bill of Human Rights, and it sets out the fundamental
human rights of every human beings.
There are 30 Articles in the Universal Declarations
of Human Rights which cover six (6) different
categories of human rights:
(i) Political Right
(ii) Civil Rights
(iii) Equality Rights
(iv) Economic Rights
(v) Social Rights
(vi) Cultural Rights
(i) Conduct investigations into cases of human
State have the obligation to conduct exhaustive and
impartial investigations into allegations of human
rights violation, in order to identify and bring to
justice the perpetrators.
(ii) Take all necessary measures to protect human
rights defenders against violence,discrimination and
(iii) Promote human rights through education and
Human rights training and education are crucial to
promoting a better understanding of human rights
within a society.
(iv) Setting a common standard of achievement
toward the effective recognition and observance of
(v) It encourages states to support the
establishment of independent human rights
commissions and ombudmens.
Poverty alleviation refers to when an individual is
assign to a particular objective or responsibility that
makes him/her responsible in the society i.e
gainfully employed by a company or self
(i) Dependency and poverty
(ii) Revenue Allocation
(iii) Selfishness and greed
(iv) Political Party interest
(i) Parental and home background :- Student’s
participation in cult activities may be influenced by
parents involvement in similar activities.
(ii) Societal Decay:- The Nigerian adult society is
materialistic. there is massive rush to acquire
wealth and power.
(iii) Support given by staff of educational
institutions:- in some institutions, some officials
and lecturer are sponsors and memeber of secret
(iv) Unconducive learning environment:- Learning
facilities provided in educational institutions are
grossly inadequate to the extent that some students
are frustrated academically.
(v) Inadequate religious and moral instructions/
education :- this is brought to the student mostly by
their parent. they abandoned their responsibility in
the area of moral upbringing of their children.
(i) Black Eye
(ii) The Dragons
(iii) Black Axe
(v) Vikings Fraternity
(iv) Spiritual Problems/attack
(v) high rate of crime and social vices.
(1) National Agency for Food and Drug
Administration and Control [NAFDAC] (2) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency [NDLEA] (6b)
(1) Function of NAFDAC
(i) Regulatory Function:- NAFDAC regulates and
controls the importation and exportation of foods
(ii) Control of Manufacturers:- NAFDAC controls
manufacturers of foods and drugs for them to be
able to meet the requirements of good
manufacturing in terms of food and drugs.
(iii) Registration Function:- NAFDAC takes up the
task of registration of products under health service.
(iv) Inspection and investigation function:- NAFDAC
inspects every imported and exported product
under her ministry to meet her requirements and
also goes round production premises to investigate
neatness of the environment.
(v) Banning and Destruction Function:- NAFDAC is
responsible for the banning and destruction of
products under her ministry which do not merit her
requirements or not registered.
(2) Function of NDLEA
(i) Co-ordination function:- NDLEA coordinates all
drugs laws. that is, the body act as government’s
watchdog over all drug laws.
(ii) Enforcement function:- NDLEA enforces
punishments and control on any person or authority
conferred against all drug laws.
(iii) Eradication Function:- NDLEA eradicates illicit
cultivation of narcotic plants throughout he
(iv) Elimination Function:- The body eliminates all
forms of illicit demand for narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances throughout the federation.
(v) Security Function:- NDLEA performs policing
functions on dealers of narcotic drugs and
Orderliness is the art of doing things in a peaceful
orderly fashion. it is the art by which things are
arranged in a proper, neat and systematic manner.
Traffic Regulations can simply be defined as the
rules and regulations which guide the behaviour or
action of road users, in order to prevent accidents
and enhance fre flow of traffic.
(9c) identify five (5) traffic signs and their
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